SANIMAS 2009 South East Sulawesi: Implementation in The Remote Area of East Luwu
In January, Dewa Alit, our Program Manager and Senior Field Facilitator had traveled to South Sulawesi to Malili, the capital of East Luwu Regency (http://www.luwutimurkab.go.id). Malililocated about 565 kilometer North side of Makassar City, the capital of South Sulawesi Province. To reach Malili, Dewa Alit must spent 15 hours in the bus from Makassar City. Flight also available, but not every day. From Makassar by flight Malili can be reach through Sorowako approximately 1 hour then continue with public transport for 1 hour trip. Stomache and travel sickness during the trip to Malili paid off with the scenic view of the northern part coastal areas of Bone Bay.
Malili officially appointed as the capital of East Luwu since February 2003. In East Luwu situated also Sorowako, nickel mining areas managed by INCO, a Canadian company.
East Luwu, which is consisted of 11 sub-districts, has a heterogenicpopulations, religious, ethnic groups and races. Ethnic race of Bugis, Javanese, Balinese, Lombok, Pamona, Padoe, Makassar, Toraja were originally fromthe transmigration program in the late ‘70s. These ethnic groups are the strong believers of Islam, Christians, Catholics, Hindus, and Budhists.
The total population of East Luwu as per December 2008 were approximately 242.200 populations with about56,500 households. Altough the average population density only 33 population/km², several areas such as theKalaena Sub-district has high density, about 251.62 population per km2. In the coastal areas and economic centers fast development are taking place and the city started to develop uncontrolled.
The diarrhea cases in 2005 was about 4,800 cases, while in 2006 these cases increased to 7,249 with the highest cases occured in Towuti Sub-District. Diarrhea in East Luwu considered as the second highest outbreak after dengue fever. Infant mortality rate as per 2006 was 36 per 1000 child birth (national standard is 30 per 1000). Children under 5 years mortality due to malnutrition, poor sanitation, contageous diseases and accidents was about 47 per 1000.
Water supply access in East Luwu in 2006 was about 71.8%. The main water resources were shallow well 55%and piped water about 14.5%. Sanitation access in 2006 was about 67.6% with the highest rate in Malili Sub-District about 75.4 %. Meanwhile the data from National Planning Board 2006, sanitation coverage in East Luwu ranked in no.239 out of 435 cities all over Indonesia with coverage about 22.05%. Different figure presented might be due to different interpretation about the proper sanitation coverage.
Anyway, we hoped that the first SANIMAS implementation in the most remote regency of South Sulawesi can give inspiration and become the entry point for the future basic need services in the promising area. So the quality of life of these dynamic population also will be improved.