Policy Dialogue with National Task Force on DESWAM and Solid Waste Act No.18/2008
The dialogue conducted in last February 27, 2008 in Bappenas office, was part of cooperation between BORDA partner network and POKJA AMPL (Water and Environmental Task Force, www.ampl.or.id) on KIPRAH (Kita Pro-Sampah) or DESWAM (Decentralised Solid Waste Management) program. The Task WSES Force consisted of 5 national agencies (National Planning Board, Ministry of Environment, Health Department, Public Work Department, and Home Affair Department) representatives. This dialogue also well attended by several NGOs and universities representatives based in Jakarta.
The dialogue conducted to seek where and how community-based solid waste management accommodated in the newly launched Solid Waste Act No.18/2008. The Act mentioned only small portion of people’s participation, that is limited only on the monthly retribution and participate in government’s waste program. Incentives will be given to industries or manufacturers whom already implement the Extended Producer’s Responsibility efforts and waste minimisation but nothing about communities.
On the other article of the Act, it says about waste collection could only done by company who already have permit. The question is how and where the KIPRAH CBO position? The KIPRAH CBO is not a formal company so permit might not be needed because it is a community collective efforts. We had now 7 CBOs in 7 cities and already served their communities with partial support from BORDA and IDRC through BEST and BALIFOKUS. We are very confident their programs and services could be run in sustainable manner. Therefore incentives and long term support for operations and maintenance from local governments will be needed.
The dialogue which was opened by bapak Budi Hidayat, Settlement and Housing Director (Direktur Permukiman dan Perumahan) Bappenas, and facilitated by bapak Oswar Mungkasa, Head of Sub-Directorate Waste Management and Drainage (KaSubdit Sampah dan Drainase), agreed that the KIPRAH CBOs and similar community efforts need to be accommodated in a more strong government regulation. Bapak Ujang Sodik Solihin from the Ministry of Environment said that the Act itself only mention general framework of the new paradigm of Waste Management in Indonesia and need further elaboration in form of Government Regulation (Peraturan Pemerintah) which is currently being prepared by the MoE office.
About 30 participants agreed that with the new paradigm of waste management, the community or public participation and other type of local efforts on waste minimisation, recycling, awareness raising need to be supported and receive proper incentives from governments. But on the other side, government also need to build a better coordination among departments to make a concerted efforts together with community and private sector towards a better water management in Indonesia.